Horticultural Research Station, Yercaud was started in the year 1976. It is situated 35 km from Salem in Athiyur village, 3 km away from Yercaud town on Nagalur Road. The total area of the station is 45.16 ha. It is at latitude of 11.4 to 11.5oN. The elevation is 1500 m MSL and it receives an annual rainfall of 1600-1800 mm. The mean temperature ranges from 21.0 to 32.2oC(Day); 9.0 to 18.0oC(Night). The relative humidity ranges from 58 to 75 per cent. The soil is lateritic with a depth of 0.52 to 1.55m. The soil pH varies from 4.75 to 6.25. Coffee is the major crop of interest, besides mandarin orange, spices like pepper, cinnamon, clove, nutmeg and cardamom, cut flowers like anthurium, gerbera, orchids, vegetable such as beans, chow chow, cauliflower, tomato, carrot.