Home page

kyh; rhFgo

Downlaod or open PDF file

Unable to read this page? Install Tamil Chitra font

  1. nuh$h

  2. Ky;iy

  3. rhke;jp

  4. fdfhk;guk;

  5. brz;Lky;yp

  6. musp

  7. khpf;bfhGe;J

  8. kU

 

tPonah glk;

i.

Mh;fpl;!; kw;Wk; Md;J}hpak; rhFgo Kiwfs;

 

nuh$h

 

,uf';fs;

          vl;th;l; nuh$h kw;wk; Me;jpu rpfg;g[ nuh$h/ ,itfs; tzpf hPjpahf gaph; bra;tjw;F kpft[k; Vw;w ,uf';fs;. ,ijj;jtpu fyg;g[ ,d ,uf';fspy; ,s";rptg;g[/ k";rs;/ bts;is/ Mu";R epw';fspy; g{f;Fk; ,uf';fisa[k; gaph; bra;ayhk;.

 

kz; kw;Wk; jl;gbtg;g epiy

          ey;y tofhy; trjpa[s;s brk; kz; my;yJ FWkz; epyk; Vw;wJ. jkpH;ehl;oy; rkbtspg; gFjpapy; gaphplyhk;.

 

,dg;bgUf;fk;

            nth;gpoj;j btl;Lj; Jz;Lfs; kw;Wk; xl;Lf; fl;oa brofs;.

 

epyk; jahhpj;jy; kw;Wk; elt[

            gUtkiH bga;a Muk;gpf;Fk;  Kd;dnu/ 45 br. kP ePs/ mfy/ MHk; cs;s FHpfis 20 x 1.0 kPl;lh; ,ilbtspapy; vLj;J Mwtpl ntz;Lk;. eLtjw;F Kd;dhp FHp xd;wpw;F 10 fpnyh bjhG cuk;/ 1.3 rjk; ypz;nld; kUe;J 20 fpuhk; kw;Wk; nky;kz; ,lntz;Lk;. ypz;nld; kUe;J ,Ltjhy; fiuahd; kw;wk; vWk;g[fsplkpUe;J ghJfhg;g[ fpilf;Fk;. gpwh; nth;gpoj;j btl;Lj; Jz;Lfisf; FHpfspd; kj;jpay; kiHf; fhy';;fspy; elntz;Lk;.

 

ePh;g;ghrdk;

            el;l brofSf;F cld; ePh;gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. brofs; nth;gpoj;J Jsph;tpLk; tiu ,uz;L ehl;fSf;F xUKiwa[k;/ gpd;g[ kz; kw;Wk; fhy epiyfSf;Fj; jFe;jthW thuj;jpw;F xU Kiwa[k; ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. nuh$hr; brofSf;F cg;g[ePh; gha;r;rpdhy; brofs; ehsiltpy; fha;e;JtpLk;. vdnt cg;g[ePh; gha;r;Rtijj; jtph;f;f ntz;Lk;.

 

fthj;J bra;jy;

            mf;nlhgh; khj';fspy; fthj;J bra;a ntz;Lk;. Ke;jpa Mz;oy; 50 rjk; tsh;e;j jz;Lfis btl;otpl ntz;Lk;. nkYk; fha;e;j/ neha[w;w g{r;rp jhf;fg;gl;l fpisfs; kw;Wk; FWf;fhf tsh;e;j fpisfisa[k; btl;o mg;g[wg;gLj;j ntz;Lk;. btl;oa jz;Lg; gFjpfisg; ghJfhf;f nghh;nlhgir my;yJ igl;lyhd; gira[ld; fhh;ghpy; 50 rjk; eida[k; J}s; fye;J jltp tpl ntz;Lk;.

 

cukpLjy;

          fthj;J bra;jt[ld; broiar; Rw;wp 2 mo js;sp bro xd;wpw;F 10 fpnyh bjhG cuj;Jld; 6 12 12 fpuhk; vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; jiH/ kzp kw;wk; rhk;gy; rj;J bfhLf;ff;Toa ,uhrad cu';fis ,lntz;Lk;.

 

gaph;g;ghJfhg;g[

            rptg;g[ brjpy; g{r;rpfs; ,g;g{r;rpfs; brofspd; rhw;iw cwp":Rtjhy; brofspd; tsh;r;rp ghjpf;fg;gLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg; gLj;j neha; jhf;fpa fpisfis mfw;wp vhpj;Jtpl ntz;Lk;. brjpy; g{r;rp Tl;lkhff; fhzg;gLk; jz;Lg; gFjpia Ory; my;yJ kz;bzz:bzapy; Kf;fpa g";rpdhy; Jilj;Jtpl ntz;Lk;. fthj;J bra;a[k; nghJ kw;Wk; khh;r;-Vg;uy; khj';fspy; khyj;jpahd; 50 ,rp 1 kpy;yp kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; jz;zPhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk; my;yJ bro xd;wpw;F fhh;nghgpa{uhd; 3 rjf; FWiz kUe;ij nth;g;ghfj;jpy; ,l;L/ kz;bfhz;L \o ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

kht[g;g{r;rp

          ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j khndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; my;yJ kPijy; ghuj;jpahd; 2 kpy;yp kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; jz;zPhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

bkhl;Lg;gG

            ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j 15 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy; g{ g{f;Fk; gUtj;jpy; khndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 2 kpy;yp kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; ePhy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

mRt[zp kw;Wk; ,iyg;ngd;

            mRt[zpfs; ,se;jsph;fs; kw;Wk; g{ bkhf;Ffspy; ,Ue;J bfhz;L rhw;iw  cwp";Rtjhy; bro kw;Wk; g{ bkhf;Ffs; thotpLk;. ,iyg;ngd;fs;/ ,iyfs; kw;Wk; bkhf;Ffspy; rhw;iw cwp";Rtjhy; ,iyfs; RU';fp/ rhk;gy; fye;j btz;ikahd njky; Vw;gl;L ehsiltpy; fha;e;J cjph;e;J  tpLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j kPijy; -x-blkl;lhd; 25 ,rp 2 kpy;yp kUe;J  xU ypl;lh; jz;zPh; my;yJ  ghrnyhd; 35 ,rp 2 kpy;yp kUe;J xU ypl;lh; jz;zPh; vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;. my;yJ 3 rjk; ntg;g vz;bza; bjspf;f ntz;Lk;. my;yJ  bro xd;wpw;F 3 rjk; fhh;nghgpa{uhd; FWiz kUe;J 5 fpuhk; kz;zpy; ,l;L ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

neha;fs;

            fUk;g[s;sp neha; ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j fhh;bgd;lhrpk; 1 fpuhk; kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; jz;zPhpy; fye;J 15 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy; bjspf;f ntz:Lk;.

 

rhk;gy; neha

            ,e;neha; ,iyfspd; mog;ghfk;/ ,iyf;fhk;g[ kw;Wk; g{';bfhj;Jfspy; bts;is epwg; glyk; nghd;W fhzg;gLk;. ,;e;neha; jhf;fg;gl;l ,iyfs; cjph;e;J tpLk;. g{ bkhl;Lf;fs; tsuhky; epd;WtpLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j eida[k; fe;jfk; 2 fpuhk; kUe;J my;yJ fhh;bgd;lhrpk; xU fpuhk; kUe;J xU ypl;lh; jz:zPhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

mWtil

            nuh$hr; brofs; el;l Kjy; Mz:onyna g{f;fj; bjhl';fpdhYk;/ ,uz:lhk; Mz:oy; ,Ue;J jhd; ey;y kfNy; bfhLf;f Muk;gpf;Fk;. fthj;J bra;j 45 ehl;fs; fHpj;J g{f;f Muk;gpf;Fk;. ed;F kyh;e;j kyh;fis mjpfhiyapy; gwpf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

kfNy; xU tUlj;jpw;F xU vf;lhpypUe;J 10 yl;rk; g{f;fs; fpilf;Fk;.

 

ky;ypif

,uf';fs; Fz:Lky;yp

kz; kw;Wk; jl;gbtg;g epiy

            ey;y tofhy; trjpa[ila tskhd ,Ukz;ghL bfhz;l brk;kz; epy';fs; rhFgof;F kpft[k; Vw;wJ. tofhy; trjp ,y;yhj fsh; kw;Wk; cth; epy';fs; rhFgo bra;a cfe;jit my;y. kz;zpd; fhu mkpyj;jd;ik 6 Kjy; 8 tiu ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. Fz;L ky;yp mjpf kiHiaj; jh';fp tsuf;Toa xU btg;g kz;lyg; gaph; MFk;.

 

,dg;bgUf;fk;

            nth;tpl;l Fr;rpfs; kw;Wk; gjpad;fs;

gUtk;

            Nd;-etk;gh;

 

Fr;rpfspd; vz;zpf;if

            xU vf;lh; elt[ bra;a 6400 gjpad;fs; njitg;gLk;.

 

epyk; jahhpj;jy; kw;Wk; elt[

            epyj;ij ,uz:L my;yJ \d;W Kiw ed;F cH ntz;Lk;. gpwF 30 br. kP ePsk;/ mfyk; kw;Wk; MHk; cs;s FHpfis 1.25 kPl;lh; ,ilbtspapy; vLj;J xt;bthU FHpapYk; 20 fpnyh ed;F kf;fpa bjhG cuk; ,l;L FHpfspd; kj;jpapy; gjpad;fis el;L ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

ePh;g;ghrdk;

            brofs; nth;gpoj;J ed;F tsUk; tiu thuj;jpw;F xU Kiw ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. gpwF fhy epiyf;nfw;g ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

cukpLjy;

            ky;ypifr; brof;F 60 fpuhk; jiHr;rj;J/ 120 fpuhk; kzpr;rj;J kw;Wk; 120 fpuhk; rhk;gy; rj;J bfhLf;ff;Toa ,urhad cu';fis ,U gFjpfshfg; gphpj;J fthj;J bra;jt[ld; xU Kiwa[k; gpd;g[ $%d; - $%iy khjj;jpy; kWKiwa[k; broapidr; Rw;wp ,l;L kz;nzhL fyf;fr; bra;a ntz;Lk;.

 

fthj;J

            jiuapypUe;J 50 br. kP cauj;jpy; etk;gh; ,Wjp thuj;jpy; ky;ypifj; brofisj; fthj;J bra;a ntz;Lk;. fthj;J bra;a[k; nghJ neha[w;w cyh;e;j Fr;rpfs; kw;wk; FWf;fhf tsh;e;j fpisfisa[k; btl;o tpl;L Nhpa xsp ed;F gLkhW bra;a ntz;Lk;.

 

gaph;g; ghJfhg;g[

bkhl;Lg; g[G

            ,it ,sk; bkhl;Lf;fis jhf;fp bgUj;j nrjj;ij cz:L gz;qk;. ,tw;iwf; fl;Lg;gLj;j khndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 2 kpy;yp kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; ePhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

rpye;jpg; g{r;rp

            ,it ,iyfisf; foj;J nrjg;gLj;Jk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j eida[k; fe;jfk; 0.2 rjk; vd;w mstpy; bjspj;J fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;.

 

neha;fs;

E}w;g[G

            kz; khjphp vLj;J E}w;g[G jhf;Fjiyf; fz;fhzpf;f ntz;Lk;. jhf;fg;gl;l brofspd; ,iyfs; btspwp ,sk; k";rshfp gpd;dh; fUfp tpLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j 10 fpuhk; blkpf; FWiz kUe;jpid nth;g;ghfj;jpd; mUfpy; ,l;L ePh;g; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

,iyfs; k";rshjy;

            ,iyfs; k";rshtJ/ ,Uk;g[r;rj;J FiwghL/ nth; ,Gfy; kw;Wk; nth;g;gG jhf;Fjyhy; cz;lhfpwJ. ,Uk;g[r;rj;J Fiwghl;odhy; ,iyfs; k";rshtijj; jLf;f ypl;lUf;F 5 fpuhk; bgh;u!; ry;ngl; fiuriy 2 khj';fSf;F xU Kiw bjspf;f ntz;Lk;. nth; mGfSf;F fhg;gh; Mf;!p FnshiuL 0.25 rjk; fiuriy broapidr; Rw;wp kz;zpy; Cw;w ntz;Lk;. ey;y tofhy; trjpa[s;s epy';fspy; Fz;L ky;ypia gaph; bra;tjd; \yk; ,e;neha; tuhky; fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;. nth;g;gG jhf;FjYf;F 5 rpuhk; g[a{ulhd; FWizfis broiar; Rw;wp ,l;L kz:qld; fye;J ePh;g;gha;r;r ntz:Lk;.

 

mWtil

            ky;ypifr; bro khh;r;-Vg;uy; khj';fspy; g{f;f Muk;gpf;Fk;. brofs; el;l Kjy; Mz;onyna g{f;f Muk;gpj;jhYk; ,uz;lhk; Mz;oypUe;Jjhd; rPuhd tpisr;ry; ,Uf;Fk;. ed;F tsh;e;j bkhl;Lf;fis mjpfhiyapy; gwpj;Jtpl ntz;Lk;.

 

kfNy

            vf;nlUf;F 8750 fpnyh g{ bkhf;Ffs; fpilf;Fk;.

 

Ky;iy

,uf';fs;

nfh 1 kw;Wk; nfh 2

kz;tif

            ed;F tofhy; trjpa[s;s brk;kz; g{kp Vw;wJ.

gUtk;

            $%d; - ork;gh;

,dg;bgUf;fk;

            gjpad;fs; nth;gpoj;j Fr;rpfs;

 

eLk;Kiw

            epyj;ij ed;F cGJ 30 br. kP ePsk;/ mfyk; kw;Wk; MHk; cs;s FHpfis vLj;J/ FHpf;F 10 fpnyh bjhG cuk; ,l;L kz;qld; ed;F fye;J tplntz;Lk;. gpd;g[ gjpad;fis FHpfspd; kj;jpapy; elntz;Lk;.

 

,ilbtsp

            thpirf;F thpir 1.5 kPl;lh;/ brof;Fr; bro 1.5 kPl;lh;.

 

cukpLjy;

            bro xd;Wf;F jiHr;rj;J 120 fpuhk;/ kzpr;rj;J 240 fpuhk; kw;Wk; rhk;gy; rj;J 120 fpuhk; juf;Toa ,urhad cu';fis 6 khj ,ilbtspapy; bfhLf;f ntz;Lk;. ork;gh; - $dthp xUKiwa[k;/ gpwF $%d; - $%iyapYk; bfhLf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

fthj;J bra;jy;

            $dthp khjj;jpy; jiukl;lj;jpypUe;J 45 br. kP cauj;jpy; btl;otpl ntz;Lk;. gpd;dh; cukpl;L ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. bro el;l ,uz;lhk; Mz;oy; Kjy; Kiwahf btl;otpl ntz;Lk;.

 

gaph;g;ghJfhg;g[

          g{ bkhl;L g[G: nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 2 kpy;yp / xU ypl;lh; ePh; vd;w mstpy; bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

rptg;g[ rpye;jpg; g{r;rp

            eida[k; fe;jfk; 2 fpuhk; kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; ePhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

,iy jpd;Dk; gG

            ,it ,iyfisf; fz:lgo foj;Jr; nrjg;gLj;Jk;/ fl;Lg;gLj;j vz:n;lhry;ghd; 2 kpy;yp kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; ePhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

mWtil

            nk- etk;gh; khj';fspy; g{f;f Muk;gpf;Fk;. ed;F tsh;e;j bkhf;Ffis fhiy ntisapy; gwpf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

kfNy;

            xU vf;lUf;F 10/000 fpnyh g{ bkhf;Ffs; fpilf;Fk;.

 

$hjpky;yp (gpr;rpg; g{)

 

,uf';fs;

            nfh 1 kw;Wk; nfh 2 (,s";rptg;g[ epw bkhl;Lf;fs;)

 

kz;

            ey;y tofhy; trjpa[s;s kzy; fye;j brk;kz; kw;Wk; tz;ly; kz; Vw;wJ. fsh;/ cth; epy';fs; rhFgof;F cfe;jit my;y. nghjpa mst[ ePh; trjpa[k;/ Nhpa btspr;rKk; ,jd; tsh;r;rpf;F Kf;fpaj; njit MFk;.

 

gUtk;;

            $%d; - etk;gh;

,dg;bgUf;fk;

            nth; gpoj;j gjpad;fs;

 

gjpad;fisj; jahh; bra;jy;

            bgd;rpy; gUkDs;s ed;whf Kw;wpa jz;Lfis xU fj;jp bfhz;L jz;od; xU gFjpapy; ,nyrhf nky; gl;iliar; rPtp ePf;fpa gpd;dh; mj;jz;oid tisj;J btl;oa ghfj;jpid kz;zpy; g[ijf;f ntz;Lk;. gpwF ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk; rPtg;gl;l gFjpapypUe;J ry;yp nth;fs; njhd;Wk;. \d;W khj';fs; fHpj;J gjpad;fis nth;fs; nrjkilahky;/ kz;zpypUe;J vLj;J/ eltpw;Fg; gad;gLj;jp nth; gpoj;jiyj; Jhpjg;gLj;jyhk;. ,k;Kiwapy; 45 ehl;fspy; nth;fs; njhd;Wk;.

 

epyk; jahhpj;jy;

            epyj;ij ,uz;l my;yJ \d;W Kiw ed;F cGJ 30 br. kP. ePsk;. mfyk; kw;Wk; MHk; cs;s FHpfs; vLj;J xU khjk; Mwtpl ntz;Lk;. xt;bthU FHpfSf;Fk; 10 fpnyh ed;F kf;fpa bjhG cuk; ,lntz;Lk;.

 

,ilbtsp

            thpirf;F thpir 2 kP./ brof;Fr; bro 1.5 kP.

 

elt[

            nth; te;j gjpad;fis jha;r; broapypUe;J gwpj;jJk; FHpapd; kj;jpapy; elntz;LK;. Fwpg;ghf kiHf; fhy';fspy; el ntz;Lk;.

 

cukpLjy;

            bro xd;wpw;F 10 fpnyh 10 fpnyh bjhG cuj;Jld; 60 fpuhk; jiHr;rj;J/ 120 fpuhk; kzpr;rj;J kw;Wk; 120 rhk;gy; rj;J bfhLf;ff; Toa ,uhrad cu';fis Mz;ow;F ,UKiw ,uz;lhfg; gphpj;J ,lntz;Lk;. ork;gh; khj';fspy; xU Kiwa[k; ,lntz;Lk;. cukpLk;nghJ broapypUe;J 30 br. kP js;sp ,l;L ed;F bfhj;jp kz;qld; fyf;fr; bra;a ntz;Lk;. gpd;g[ njitahd mst[ ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

fthj;J bra;jy;

            brofis tUlk; xUKiw mjhtJ ork;gh; filrp thuj;jpy; fthj;J bra;a ntz;Lk;. jiu kl;lj;jpypUe;J 45 br. kP cauk; tiu btl;otpl ntz;Lk;. brofis Fj;Jr; brofshf tsh;f;f ntz;Lk;. glhtplf; TlhJ. brofs; elt[ bra;J xuhz;L fHpj;J Kjy; Kiwahf fthj;J bra;a ntz;Lk;.

 

ePh; ghrdk;

            10 ehl;fSf;F xUKiw jz;zPh; tplntz;Lk;.

 

gaph;g;ghJfhg;g[

            bkhl;Lg; g[G  khndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 2 kpy;yp kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; ePhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

rptg;g[ rpye;jpg; g{r;rp

            ,itfs; ,iyfspd; mog;g[wj;jpy; ,Ue;J bfhz;L rhw;wpis cwp";Rtjhy;/ ghjpf;fg;gl;l ,iyfs; gGj;J btz;ikahd tiy gpd;dpaJ nghy; fhzg;gLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j eida[k; fe;jfk; 50 rjj;J}is ypl;lh; ePUf;F 2 fpuhk; vd;w mstpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

,iy tz;L

            ,t;tz;Lfs; ,iyfspd; gr;iraj;ij Ruz;o cz;gjpy; ,iyfs; k";rs; epwkhfp gpd; gGj;J cjph;e;JtpLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j ypz;nld; 3 rjk; kUe;ijr; bro xd;Wf;F 25 fpuhk; vd;w mstpy; brofisr; Rw;wp kz;zpy; J}tp tpLtjd; \yk; ,jd; jhf;Fjiyj; jLf;fyhk;. kiH te;jgpwF tpsf;Fg;bghwp itj;J tsh;j;j tz;Lfisf; fth;e;J mHpf;fyhk;.

 

fiuahd;fs;

            gjpad;fis eLtjw;F Kd;dhy; FHp xd;wpw;F 5 fpuhk; ypz;nld; 3 rjk; kUe;ij ,l;L kz;qld; fye;J elt[ bra;tjd; \yk; ,jd; jhf;Fjiyj; jtph;f;fyhk;.

 

neha;fs;

,iyg;g[s;sp neha;

            $hjpky;ypia mjpfkhfj; jhf;fp nrjk; bra;tJ ,e;j ,iyg;g[s;sp neha; MFk;. Muk;gj;jpy; ,iyfspy; rpWrpW fUk;g[s;spfs; njhd;wp gpwF ,iy KGtJk; gutptpLk;. jhf;fg;gl;l ,iyfs; beUg;ghy; fUfpaJ nghy; fhl;rp mspf;Fk;. ,e;nehapid fl;Lg;gLj;j khd;nfhbrg; kUe;jpid ypl;l;Uf;F 2 fpuhk; vd;w mstpy; bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

mWtil

            brofs; el;l xU tUlj;jpnyna g{f;f Muk;gpj;J tpLk;. ,Ue;jhYk; ,uz;lhk; tUlj;jpypUe;J jhd; rPuhf kfNy; bfhLf;Fk;. bkhf;Ffs; tphptjw;F Kd;djhfnt fhiy neu';fspy; gwpf;f ntz;Lk;. thrid vz;bza; jahhpg;gjw;F bkhf;Ffs; kyh;e;j gpd;dh; fhiy ntisapy; gwpf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

kfNy;

            xU vf;lUf;F 11 ld; g{ bkhf;Ffis tpisr;ryhfg; bgwyhk;.

           

rhke;jp

,uf';fs;

            nfh. 1/ nfh. 2 kw;Wk; vk;oa[. 1. nfh. 1 k";rs; epwg; g{f;fisf; bfhLf;Fk;. nfh. 2 fUk;gGg;g[ epwj;jpy; g{f;fisf; bfhLf;Fk;. vk;oa[. 2. k";rs; epwg; g{f;fisf; bfhLf;Fk;.

 

kz; kw;Wk; jl;gbtg;g epiy

            tofhy; trjpa[ld; Toa kzy; fye;j brk;kz; epyk; Vw;wJ. kz;zpd; fhu mkpyj; jd;ik Rkhh; 6.0 Kjy; 7.0 tiy ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. ePh;j;njf;fKs;s tofhy; trjp Fiwe;j/ Rdkhd fspkz; rhh;e;j kz; tiffs; rhke;jp gapUf;F Vw;wyy;y. rhke;jp xU btg;g kw;Wk; kpj btg;g kz;lyg; gapuhFk;. brofs; ePz;l ,ut[ kw;Wk; FWfpa gfy; bfhz;l gUt';;fspy; g{f;Fk;.

 

gaph;g; bgUf;fk;

            nth; gpoj;j ,sk; jsph;fs;.

 

epyk; jahhpj;jy;

            epyj;ij 2 my;yJ 3 Kiw cGJ gz;gLj;jpa gpwF filrp cHtpd; nghJ vf;lUf;F 25 ld; ed;F kf;fpa bjhG cuk; ,l;L kz;qld; fyf;fptpl ntz;Lk;. epyj;ij ed;F rkg;gLj;jpa gpwF Rkhh; xU mo ,ilbtspapy; ghh;fs; mikf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

elt[

            nth; gpoj;j ,sk; jsph;fisg; ghh;fspd; xU gf;fj;jpy; thpirahf brof;Fr; bro 30 br. kP. ,ilbtsp ,Uf;FkhW elntz;Lk;. eLk;nghJ nth;g;ghfk; koahky; neuhf kz;qf;Fs; bry;Ykhw nth;g;ghfk; midj;Jk; kiwa[k; go eLjy; ntz;Lk;. rhke;jpia $%d; - $%iy khj';fspy; elntz;Lk;. gUtk; jtwp eLk;nghJ brofspy; g{f;Fk; jpwd; kw;Wk; kfNy; ghjpg;g[ Vw;gLk;.

 

            eLk; Kd; nth; gpoj;j jsph;fis/ vkprhd; fiurypy; (xU fpuhk; xU ypl;lh; jz;zPh; fye;j fyit) Kf;fp elntz;Lk;. xU vf;lh; elt[ bra;a 1/11/000 rhke;jp brofs; njitg;gLk;.

 

cukpLjy;

            moa[ukhf vf;lUf;F 25 ld; bjhG vU filrp cHtpd; nghJ ,lntz;Lk;. gpd;dh; bro eLk; Kd;dh; 60 fpnyh jiHr;rj;J/ 120 fpnyh kzpr;rj;J/ 25 fpnyh rhk;gy; rj;J bfhLf;ff; Toa ,uhrhad cu';fis/ ghh;fspd; mog;gFjpapy; ,l;L/ ,nyrhff; fpswp kz;zpqs; \l ntz;Lk;. nky; cukhf 60 fpnyh jiHr;rj;J bfhLf;ff;Toa ,uhrad cuj;ij el;l 30 ehl;fs; fHpj;J ,lntz;Lk;. kWjhk;g[g; gapUf;Fk;; ,nj mst[ cuk; ,lntz;Lk;.

 

tsh;r;rp Cf;fpfs;

            g{f;fs; mjpfk; gpof;f el;l 30/ 45 kw;Wk; 60tJ ehl;fspy; $pg;uhypf; mkpyk; 50 gpgpvk;/ fiuriyj; bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

ePh;g;ghrdk;

            eLtjw;F Kd;dh; xU jz;zPh;/ el;l \d;W ehl;fSf;Fg; gpd;dh; caph;j; jz;zPh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. gpd;dh; thuk; xU Kiw ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

gpd;bra; neh;j;jp

            njitg;gLk; bghGJ fis vLf;f ntz;Lk;. brofs; el;l MW thu';fSf;Fs; Edpf;fpisapid xoj;J gf;fj; fpisfs; tsu Cf;Ftpf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

kWjhk;g[g;gaph;

            etk;gh; khjj;jpy; elt[g; gaph; g{j;J xa;e;J tpLk;. mjd; gpd;dh; ork;gh; khjj;jpy;/ brofisj; jiukl;lj;jpypUe;J btl;o tpl;L. fis vLj;J/ elt[ gapf;Fg; ghpe;Jiw bra;j mnj mst[ cuj;jpid ,l;L ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

gaph;g; ghJfhg;g[

            ,iyg;ngd;/ mRt[zp ,iyg;g[G ,itfs; ,iyfspy; rhw;iw cwp";rp nrjg;gLj;Jk;. fl;Lg;gLj;j khndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 2 kpy;yp kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; ePhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

neha;fs;

nth; thly; neha;

            brofs; jpObund tho fha;e;J tpLk;. jhf;fg;gl;l brofspd; mGfp fhzg;gLk;. fl;Lg;gLj;j  fhg;gh; Mf;!p FnshiuL 2.5 fpuhk; kUe;ij ypl;lh; ePhpy; fiuj;J brofisr; Rw;wp Cw;w ntz;Lk;.

 

,iyg;g[s;sp neha;

            jhf;fg;gl;l ,iyfspy; gGg;g[ epwj;jpy; g[s;spfs; njhd;wp/ ,iyfs; btSj;J tpLk;. ,jdhy; brofspd; tsh;r;rp Fd;wp kfNy; ,Hg;g[ Vw;gLk;. fl;Lg;gLj;j nkd;nfhbrg; 2 fpuhk; kUe;ij xU ypl;lh; ePhpy; fiuj;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

            taJ   elt[g; gapUf;F 6 - 8 khj';fs;

            kWjhk;g[g; gapUf;F 4 khj';fs;

 

mWtil

            el;l 3 khj';fspy; rhke;jp mWtilf;F tUk;. g{f;fis Nhpabtg;gj;jpw;F Kd;dh; fhiyntisapy; gwpf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

kfNy;

            vf;nlUf;F elt[g; gaphpy; 20 ld; kyh;fs; fpilf;Fk;. kWjhk;g[g; gaphpy; 10 ld;fs; fpilf;Fk;.

 

fdfhk;guk;

,uf';fs;

            rpfg;g[/ Mu";R kw;Wk; bly;yp fdfhk;guk;

 

kz; kw;Wk; jl;gbtg;g epiy

            ey;y tofhy; trjpa[s;s kzy; fye;j tz;ly; kz; kw;Wk; brk;kz; Vw;wJ. kz;zpd; mkpy fhuj; jd;ik 6 Kjy; 7.5 f;Fs; ,;Uf;f ntz;Lk;. fdfhk;guk; brofs; xust[ epHiyj; jh';fp tsUk;.

 

gUtk;

            Mz;L KGtJk; gaph; bra;ayhk;. kiHf;fhyj;jpy; elf;TlhJ.

 

,dg;bgUf;fk;

            tpijfs;/ bly;yp fdfhk;guk; ,ufj;ij nth; te;j Fr;rpfs; \yk; ,dg;bgUf;fk; bra;ayhk;.

 

tpijast[

            5 fpnyh / vf;nlh;

 

epyk; jahhpj;jy;

            epyj;ij ,uz;L my;yJ \d;W Kiw ed;F cGJ gz;gLj;j ntz;Lk;. filrp cHtpd; nghJ vf;nlUf;F 25 ld; kf;fpa bjhG vU ,l;L kz;qld; ed;F fye;Jtpl ntz;Lk;. gpd;dh; njitf;nfw;g ghh;fs; mikf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

,ilbtsp

            tpijf;fhf gaphpLtjhf ,Ue;jhy; 60 x 60 br. kP. ,ilbtspia gpd;gw;wt[k;. bly;yp fdfhk;guk; ,ufj;jpw;F 60 x 40 br. kP.

 

ehw;w';fhy; jahhpj;jy;

            njitahdmst[fspy; nkilg;ghj;jpfs; mikj;J mtw;wpy; xU br. kP. MHj;jpy; tpijfis tpijj;J/ gpd;dh; mtw;iw kzy; bfhz;L \otpl ntz;Lk;. tpijfs; Kisf;Fk; tiu jpdKk; ePh;g;gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. tpijfis tpijj;j 60k; ehspy; elt[f;Fj; jahuhfptpLk;.

 

elt[ bra;jy;

            60 ehl;fs; Md ehw;Wfisg; gpL';fp 60 br. kP. ,ilbtspapy; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;s ghh;fspy; elt[ bra;a ntz;Lk;.  eLk;Kd; ehw;Wfis vkprhd; (1 fpuhk; / ypl;lh;) fiurypy; Kf;fp el ntz;Lk;. elt[ bra;a $%iy/ brg;lk;gh; kw;Wk; mf;nlhgh; tiuapyhd gUt';fs; kpft[k; cfe;jit.

 

ePh;g;ghar;Rjy;

            VG ehl;fSf;F xU Kiw ePh;g;gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. epyj;jpy; ePh; nj';fhky; ghh;j;Jf; bfhs;s ntz;Lk;. epyj;jy; <uj;jd;ik mjpfkhf ,Ue;jhy; nth; mGfy; neha; njhd;wf;TLk;. vdnt rPuhf ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

cukpLjy;

            moa[khf vf;nlUf;F 25 ld; bjhG cuk; filrp cHtpd; nghJ ,lntz;Lk;. brofs; el;l \d;W khj';;fs; fHpj;J vf;nlUf;F 75 fpnyh jiHr;rj;J/ 50 fpnyh kzpr;rj;J/ 125 fpnyh rhk;gy; rj;J bfhLf;ff; Toa ,uhrhad cu';fis ,lntz;Lk;. nkw;fz;l cu msit kPz;Lk; xt;bthU MWkhj ,ilbtspapy; bfhLf;f ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW ,uz;L tUl';fs; tiu bjhlh;e;J ,lntz;Lk;. caph; cukhfpa mnrh!;ighpy;yj;ij xU vf;lUf;F 2 fpnyh vd;w mstpy; gad;gLj;jpdhy; 60 fpnyh jiHr;rj;ijf; Fiwj;J ,lyhk;. cuj;jpid ghh;fspd; kj;jpapy; ,l;L ed;F fyf;fp/ brofSf;F kz; mizj;J gpd; ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. brofs; el;l \d;W khj';fs; fHpj;J m!;fhh;gpf; mkpyk; 1000 gpgpvk; vd;w mstpy; bjspj;jhy; kfNy; mjpfhpf;Fk;.

 

bly;yp fdfhk;guj;jpw;F

            brofs; el;l 30 ehl;fs; fHpj;J vf;lUf;F ntg;gk; gpz;zhf;F 250 fpnyh/ jiHr;rj;J 40 fpnyh bfhLf;ff;Toa cu';fis ,lntz;Lk;. gpwF 90 ehl;fs; fHpj;J 40:20:60 fpnyh vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; rj;J bfhLf;fToa ,uhrad cu';fis 3 khj';fSf;F xUKiw bfhLf;f ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW ,uz;L tUl';fs; tiu bjhlh;e;J ,lntz;Lk;.

 

gaph;ghJfhg;g[

            E}w;g[G E}w;g[Gf;fs; kz;zpy; ,Ue;jhy; brofspd; tsh;r;rp Fd;wp ,iyfs; btspwp kfNy; ghjpf;fg;gLk;. E}w;g[G jhf;Fjiyj; jLf;f/ E}w;g[G jhf;Fjy; ,y;yhj kz;zpy; fdfhk;guk; rhFgo bra;a ntz;Lk;. epyj;jpy; <uk; ,Uf;Fk; nghJ brofspd; nth;gFjpapy; nghnul; my;yJ fhh;nghg;a{uhd; FWiz kUe;jpid ,lntz;Lk;.

 

mRt[zpg; g{r;rpfs;

            ,it ,iyfspy; mil milahf xl;of; bfhz;L rhw;wpid cwp";rp nrjk; tpistpf;Fk;. ,tw;iwf; fl;Lg;gLj;j ilkpj;njhnal; kUe;jpid xU ypl;lh; ePUf;F xU kpy;yp tPjk; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

neha;fs;

thly; neha;

            ,e;nehapd; jhf;Fjypdhy; brofs; Edpg;gFjpapypUe;J tho gog;goahf bro KGtJk; fha;e;J tpLk;. nehapd; mwpFwpfs; bjd;gl;lt[ld; vkprhd; kUe;jpid ypl;lh; ePUf;F xU fpuhk; tPjk; fiuj;J brofisr; Rw;wp nth;g;ghfj;jpy; Cw;wptpl ntz;Lk;.

 

mWtil

            ehw;w';fhypy; ,Ue;J brofs; el;l xU khjk; fHpj;J g{f;f Muk;gpj;J tpLk;. ed;F kyh;e;j kyh;fis ,uz;L ehl;fSf;F xU Kiw gwpf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

kfNy;

            xU vf;lUf;F xU tUlj;jpy; 2000 fpnyh kyh;fs; fpilf;Fk;. bly;yp fdfhk;gu ,ufk; xU vf;lUf;F xU tUlj;jpy; 2800 fpnyh kyh;fs; bfhLf;Fk;.

 

brz;Lky;yp

,uf';fs;

            vk;.o.a[. 1/ cs;Sh; k";rs; kw;Wk; Mu":R tiffs;

kz; kw;Wk; jl;gbtg;g epiy

            ey;y tofhy; trjpa[ld; Toa vy;yh tif kz;fspYk; gaphplyhk;. fhu mkpyj; jd;ik 6.0 Kjy; 7.5 tiu ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. fsh; kw;Wk; cth; epy';fs; rhFgof;F Vw;wjy;y.  brz;Lky;ypf;F rPuhd kpj btg;g epiy mtrpak;. rkbtsp kw;Wk; kiyg; gpunj';fspy; gaphplyhk;. ,g;gapiu Mz;L KGtJk; midj;Jg; gUt';fspYk; gaph; bra;ayhk;.

 

gaph;g; bgUf;fk;     

            tpijfs;

tpij mst[

            1.5 fpnyh tpijfs; / vf;lUf;F

eLk; gUtk;

            Mz;L KGtJk; gaphplyhk;/ ,Ue;jhYk; $%d; $%iy khj';fs; elt[ bra;a kpft[k; Vw;wJ.

 

ehw;w';fhy; jahhpj;jy;

            epyj;ij ,uz;L my;yJ \d;W Kiw ed;F cGJ/ filrp cHtpd; nghJ ed;F kf;fpa bjhG cuk; ,l;L kz;nzhL ed;F fyf;fptpl ntz;Lk;. tpijfis 200 fpuhk; mnrh!;ighpy;yk; bfhz;L neh;j;jp bra;j gpwF 15 br. kP. ,ilbtspapy; tpijfis thpirahf ghj;jpfspy; tpijj;J kz; bfhz;L \o/ cld; ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. tpijfs; 7 ehl;fspy; Kisj;J tpLk;. 30 ehl;fs; Mdt[ld; ehw;Wfisg; gpL';fp elt[ bra;a ntz;Lk;.

 

epyk; jahhpj;jy;

            epyj;ij ed;F cGJ filrp cHtpd;nghJ vf;lUf;F 25 ld; kf;fpa bjhG cuk; ,lntz;Lk;. gpd;dh; 45 br.kP. ,ilbtspapy; ghh;fs; mikf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

elt[

            thpirf;F thpir 45 br. kP./ brof;Fr; bro 30 br. kP. ,ilbtspapy; ehw;Wfis elntz;Lk;. tajhd ehw;Wfisj; jtph;j;J tpl;L ey;y thspg;ghd xU khj tajhd ehw;Wfisna elt[ bra;a ntz;Lk;.

 

cukpLjy;

            xU vf;lUf;F 45 fpnyh jiHr;rj;J/ 90 fpnyh kzpr;rj;J/ 75 fpnyh rhk;gy;rj;J bfhLf;fToa ,uhrhad cu';fis moa[ukhf ,lntz;Lk;. el;l 45 ehl;fs; fHpj;J vf;lUf;F 45 fpnyh jiHr;rj;J bfhLf;ff;Toa ,uhrad cuj;jpid ,l;L kz; mizf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

fis eph;thfk;

            njit Vw;gLk; nghJ fz;og;ghf fis vLf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

ePh; eph;thfk;

            el;lt[ld; xU jz;zPh;/ gpwF \d;whk; ehs; caph;j; jz;zPh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. gpwF thuk; xU Kiw ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. ePh; nj';Ftijj; jtph;f;f ntz;Lk;.

 

Edp fps;Sjy;

            el;l 30 ehl;fspy; broapd; Edpg;gFjp my;yJ Kjy; g{ bkhl;oidf; fps;sp vLf;f ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW bra;tjhy; fpisfs; gf;fthl;oy; mjpfk; njhd;wp mjpfkhd g{ bkhf;Ffs; cz;lhFk;.

 

gaph;g;ghJfhg;g[

rptg;g[ rpte;jp

          ,g;g{r;rpfs; brofspd; ,iyfs; kw;Wk; g{f;fspypUe;J rhw;wpid cwp";rpk;. nrjk; mjpfkhFk; nghJ g{f;fs; fha;e;J tpLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j bfy;j;njd; vd;w kUe;jpid xU ypl;lh; ePUf;F xU kpy;yp tPjk; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

,iyg;g[s;sp neha;

            Kjypy; ,iyfspy; tl;lkhd rptg;g[ epw g[s;spfs; njhd;Wk;. gpwF g[s;spfs; bgUfp ,iyfs; fUfp tpLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j bgtp!;od; 1 fpuhk; kUe;ij 1 ypl;lh; jz;zPhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

 

nth; mGfy;

            tsh;e;j brofisa[k;/ ehw;Wfisa[k; jhf;Fk;. ,e;neha; ghjpj;jhy; nth; mGfp tpLk;. ,jidf; fl;Lg;gLj;j ypl;lh; ePUf;F 1 fpuhk; bgtp!;od; kUe;J fye;J broapidr; Rw;wp Cw;wp tpl ntz;Lk;. 

taJ

            130-150 ehl;fs;

 

mWtil

            el;l 60k; ehspy; ,Ue;J g{f;f Muk;gpj;J tpLk;. 80 Kjy; 90 rjtPjk; tiu kyh;e;j g{f;fis 3 ehl;fSf;F xU Kiw mWtil bra;ayhk;.

 

kfNy;

            xU vf;lUf;F 18 ld; g{f;fs; fpilf;Fk;.

 

musp

,uf';fs;

            jdpnuh!;/ jdpbts;is kw;Wk; jdprptg;g[

kz; kw;Wk; jl;gbtg;g epiy

            fhpry; my;yJ kzw;gh';fhd brk;kz; fye;j kz;zpy; ey;y tofhy; trjpa[ld; ePh; tsk; cs;s NH;epiyapy;/ mjpf btg;g epiyapy; ed;F tsuf;ToaJ.

 

,dtpUj;jp kw;Wk; elt[

            ,uz;L mo ePsKs;s fodkhd my;yJ kpj fodkhd Fr;rpfis kz;zpy; tidthfg; gjpg;gjd; \yk; tsh;f;fyhk;. nth; te;j Fr;rpfis $%d; - $%iyapy; xU mo MHKs;s FHpapy; ,uz;L kPl;lh; ,ilbtspapy; elt[k;. eLk; Kd; FHpapy; bjhG cuk;/ brk;kz; kw;Wk; nky; kz; nrh;j;J ,lntz;Lk;.

 

gpd;bra; neh;j;jp

            muspf;F jz;zPh; njitg;gLk;bghGbjy;yhk; ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. $dthpapYk;/ Mf!;oYk; 10 ld; bjhG cuk; xU vf;lUf;F ,lntz;Lk;. ,urhad cu';fs; bghJthf ,l ntz;oa mtrpakpy;iy.

 

gaph;g;ghJfhg;g[

            jP';F tpistpf;Fk; g{r;rpfnsh/ neha;fnsh muspiaj; jhf;Ftjpy;iy.

 

g{f;Fk; gUtk;

            tUlj;jpd; vy;yhf; fhy';fspYk; g{f;ff; ToaJ. Vg;uypUe;J Mf!;l; tiu mjpfkhfg; g{f;Fk;.

 

mWtil

            g{f;fis el;l ehd;F khjj;jpypUe;J bgwyhk;.

 

kfNy;

            xU ehisf;F xU vf;lhpypUe;J 100-120 fpnyh g{f;fs; fpilf;Fk;.

 

khpf;bfhGe;J

,uf';fs;

cs;Sh;

kz; kw;Wk; jl;gbtg;g epiy

            ed;F tofhy; cs;s kz; kw;Wk; ePh; trjp cs;s NH;epiyspy;/ Fspuhd gUtj;jpy; ed;F tsuf; ToaJ.

 

tpij kw;Wk; tpijg;g[

            tpij mst[ 1.5 fpnyh / vf;lh;. tpij fis etk;gh; khjj;jpy; cah;j;jg;gl;l ghj;jpfspy; tpijf;f ntz;Lk;. tsh;e;j ehw;Wfis xU khjk; fHpj;J 15 x 10 br. kP. ,ilbtspapy; ghj;jpfspy; elntz;Lk;.

 

gpd;bra; neh;j;jp kw;Wk; cukpLjy;

            ehd;F  my;yJ $e;J ehl;fSf;F xU Kiw ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; rj;J/ 125 :125 :75 fpnyh / vf;lh; vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; 25 ld; bjhG cuj;Jld; ,lntz;Lk;. kzp kw;Wk; rhk;gy;rj;J moa[ukhft[k;/ jiHr;rj;J el;l 25 ehl;fSf;Fg; gpd;gpk; ,lntz;Lk;.

 

gaph;f;fhyk;

            5 Kjy; 6 khj';fs;

mWtil

            khpf;bfhGe;J el;l ,uz;liu khj';fspy; Kjy; mWtilf;Fj; jahuhfpwJ. mjd; gpwF 30 Kjy; 40 ehl;fs; ,il btspapy; mWtiliaj; bjhlh;e;J bra;ayhk;.

 

vz;bza; rjtPjk;

            $k;gjhk; ehspy; mWtil bra;a[k;nghJ vz;bza; rjtPjk; 0.13 Mft[k;/ vHgj;ije;jhk; ehspy; mWtil bra;a[k; nghJ vz;bza; rjtPjk; 0.23 Mft[k; ,Uf;Fk;.

 

kU

,uf';fs;

cs;Sh;

kz; kw;Wk; jl;gbtg;g epiy

            ed;F tofhy; trjp cs;s kzy; fye;j kz;zpy;/ mjpf ePUk;/ Fspuhd gUtk; cs;s NH;epiyapy; ed;F tsUk;.

 

,dtpUj;jp kw;Wk; elt[

            ork;gh; - $dthpapy; mjw;F Ke;jpa gUtj;jpy; cs;s broapypUe;J bgwg;gl;l Fr;rpfis 30 x 15 br. kP. ,ilbtspapy; ghh;fspy; ,Ug[wKk; elntz;Lk;.

 

ePh; gha;r;Rjy;

            ehd;F my;yJ $e;J ehl;fSf;F xUKiw ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;.

 

cukpLjy;

moa[uk;

            jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; rj;J 55:110 : 60 fpnyh / vf;lh; vd;w tpfpj;jpy; 25 ld; bjhG cuj;Jld; moa[ukhf ,lntz;Lk;.

 

nkYuk;

            Kjy; mWtilf;Fg;gpd; vf;lUf;F 55 fpnyh / vf;lh; vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; 25 ld; bjhG cuj;Jld; moa[ukhf ,l ntz;Lk;.

 

gaph;ghJfhg;g[

g{r;rpfs;

mRt[zp

            ilbkj;njhnal; 30 ,rp my;yJ kPj;ijy; blkl;lhd; 25 ,rp ,uz;L kpy;yp / xU ypl;lh; ePhpy; fye;J bjspg;gjd; \yk; fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;.

 

gaph;f;fhyk;

,uz;L tUl';fs;

mWtil

            jiHfis Kjy; mWtilahf 100 MtJ ehspy; gwpf;fyhk;. mjd; gpd;t[ 30 Kjy; 40 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy; mWtiliaj; bjhlh;e;J bra;ayhk;.

 

kfNy;

            10/000 fpnyh jiHfs; / tUlk; / vf;lh;

 

 

Home page

 Top of this page