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Research Stations


 REGIONAL RESEARCH STATION, VRIDHACHALAM

 1.      Background information

1963 – Cashew Research Station – Established

1971 – Recognized as one of the Centre under AICRP

1979 – All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Groundnut shifted from Tindivanam.

1980 – International Development Research Centre Scheme on Sesame.  Research lab to

            land Programme of ICAR from Transfer of Technology,  NARP – solutions to

            location specific problems in different agro-ecological sub zones formulated.

1981 – Release of Cashew Variety VRI 1

1982 – Upgraded as Regional Research Station under NARP for North Eastern zone of

Tamil Nadu. Release of Groundnut VRI 1

1985 – Release of Cashew variety VRI 2

1989 – Release of Groundnut variety VRI 2

1990 – Release of Groundnut variety VRI 3

1991 – Release of Cashew variety VRI 3.

1995 – Release of Sesame variety VRI 1.

1996 – Release of Groundnut variety VRI 4

2000 – Release of Cashew variety VRI 4

2001 – Release of Groundnut variety VRI Gn 5

2. Location     

            This research station is situated 5 k.m. away from Vriddhachalam  town on the Vriddhachalam  - Cuddalore road.  It lies at 11.300 N latitude and 79.260 longitude and at an altitude of 42.67 m above mean sea level.  The nearest sea coast is within 50 Km distance.

3. Climate

Maximum Temperature

:

270 C to 420 C

Minimum Temperature

:

190 C to 240 C

Mean annual rainfall  

:

S. W. : 403.22 mm 1020.26 mm, N.E.  : 580.50 mm

4. Area            :           63.53 ha.

 

5. Soil status :

Soil type

:

Red laterite/ Sandy soil

Soil pH

:

6.5-7.0

EC

:

0.05 m onhos/cm

Organic matter

:

Low (0.002%)

Available N

:

Low

Available P

:

Medium

Available K

:

Medium

High in Fe & Al oxides

 

 

 

6. Technical Specialist

Dr. G. Nallathambi,      Professor and Head

Groundnut

Dr. G. Nallathambi, Professor and Head – Cytogenetics

Dr. R. Sankarapandian, Professor - Plant  Breeding and Genetics

Dr. A. Mothilal, Assistant Professor – Plant Breeding and Genetics

Dr. C. Muralidharan, Associate Professor – Agronomy

Dr. G. Gunasekaran, Associate Professor – Entomology

Dr. K. Sachithanantham, Associate Professor – Plant Pathology

Sesame

Dr. G. Nallathambi, Professor and Head – Cytogenetics

Dr. A. Mothilal, Assistant Professor – Plant Breeding and Genetics

Dr. K. Subramaniam, Assistant Professor – Agronomy

Dr. V. R. Saminathan, Research Associate – Entomology

Cashew

Dr. G. Prabakaran, Research Associate – Horticulture

Dr. D. Anandanayaki, Research Associate – Horticulture

Dr. V. Ambethgar, Assistant Professor – Entomology

Cropping System Research

Dr. V. Jayabal, Professor – Agronomy

7. Research Scheme in operation     :

1.

Non-Plan

:

ARS & Centres – RRS, Vriddhachalam 

2.

Plan

:

URS – Strengthening of National Agrl. Research Project, RRS, Vriddhachalam .

3.

Plan

:

URS – Strengthening of Breeder Seed Programme, RRS, Vriddhachalam 

4.

ICAR Partly financed

:

AICRP on Oilseeds – Groundnut

5.

ICAR Partly financed

:

AICRP on Oilseeds – Sesame

6.

ICAR Partly financed

:

AICRP on Species – Cashew

7.

ICAR Partly financed

:

Experiments on Cultivators Field

8.

ICAR Partly financed

:

Front Line Demonstration of Cropping system research

9.

ICAR Partly financed

:

FLD on Annual Oilseeds – Groundnut

10.

ICAR Partly financed

:

FLD on Annual Oilseeds – Sesame

11.

ICAR Partly financed

:

AICRP on Rape seed, Mustard verification centre

12.

ICAR fully financed

:

Production of breeder seeds & annual oilseeds – groundnut and sesame seed production

13.

ICAR fully financed

:

Model Cashew clonal garden

14.

ICAR fully financed

:

Hybridization in cashew

15.

NATP fully financed

:

Developing an integrated production packages, enhancing productivity of cashew

16.

GOI scheme

:

Regional Nursery on Cashew (Revolving fund scheme)

17.

ICAR (BSP)

:

Breeder seed production on Oilseeds crops - Groundnut & Sesame (Revolving fund scheme)

18.

ICAR (Hort)

:

Production of ornamental crops (Revolving fund scheme)

8. Main objectives :

-         To develop high yielding varieties in the groundnut, sesame and cashew

-         To develop technologies for increasing the production and productivity

-         To impart training to the farmers and staff of sister departments on the production technologies

-         Evaluation and testing the adaptability of elite breeding materials

9. On going Research

Cashew

·        Hybridization and selection in cashew.

·        Germplasm collection, maintenance and description of types in cashew.

·        Nutrient Management and intercropping studies.

·        Bio-ecology and management of key pests of cashew.

·        Production and distribution of cashew grafts

Groundnut

·        Development of large seeded kernel groundnut.

·        Genetic upgradation of Arachis hypiogaea.

·        Evaluation of high yielding varieties

·        Production of nucleus seed and breeder seed.

·        Integrated nutrient and weed management in groundnut based cropping systems.

·        Impact of polyethylene film mulching.

·        Large seeded kernel varieties response to organic and inorganic fertilizers.

·        Monitoring of major pest and diseases and screening of germplasm

·        Integrated disease and pest management.

·        Utilizing cropping systems, botanicals, biological and selective insecticides.

Sesame

·        Germplasm maintenance, evaluation and development of hybrid sesame and suitable variety.

·         Nucleus and breeder seed production

·        Time of sowing, cropping system nutrient management and resource constraints in relation to yield maximization

·        Seasonal incidence in relation to biotic and abiotic factors.

·        Crop loss assessment due to pest complex and their management for better net returns

·        Development of IPM modules

·        Epidemiology of phyllody, root rot, powder mildew diseases and their effective management.

Extension

·        Survey on technology adoption and production constraints in cashew, groundnut and sesame in this region.

·        Documentation of indigenous technologies

·        Frontline demonstration on groundnut and sesame

·        Establishment of model cashew clonal garden in farmers holding

·        Experiment on cultivator’s field

·        Frontline demonstration on cropping system

Extension activities

·        Conducting Regional Research and Extension Advisory Council Meet

·        Participation of scientists in Monthly Zonal meetings and Institution
Village Linkage Programme.

·        Training on various production and protection aspects of groundnut, sesame, cashew and mushroom cultivation to the regional cultivators and staff of sister departments.

·        Conducting on-Farm trails, Front line demonstration, adaptive research trials and multilocation trials of various crops.

·        Farm Advisory and Diagnostic team visit.

·        Technology dissemination through AIR,

·        TV Programme, press media, phamplets, leaflets and bulletins.

Thrust area of Research

·        Evolving drought tolerant/resistant varieties in groundnut.

·        Transgression of wild genes to cultivated species of groundnut for pest/disease tolerance.

·        Developing large seeded groundnut for export.

·        Use of polyethylene film mulch in groundnut cultivation.

·        Developing low cost production technologies.

·        Organic farming in large seeded groundnut for export purpose.

·        Developing technologies with biological control of pests and diseases of groundnut, sesame and cashew.

·        Evolving non-shattering and early maturity varieties in sesame.

·        Evolving new varieties/hybrids with bold-nut in cashew for export purpose.

 

For further details contact:

Dr. G. NALLATHAMBI, Ph.D.,

PROFESSOR AND HEAD

Regional Research Station

Vriddhachalam - 606 001

Cuddalore district

Phone : 04143 – 260231

Fax     : 04143 – 261120

E.mail : arsvri@tnau.ac.in.

 

   

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