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Welcome to Oilseeds Research Station, TINDIVANAM
  • Pioneer research station in Tamil Nadu exclusively for oilseeds.
  • Started as Agricultural Research Station in 1935
  • Upgraded as Regional Research Station in 1962
  • Renamed as Oilseeds Research Station and brought under Tamil Nadu
  • Agricultural University in 1981

About the station

Extent

:

61.55 hectares

Latitude

:

12.5' N

Longitude

:

79.5' E

Altitude

:

+ 45.6 m a s l

Minimum  Temperature

:

19-21'C

Maximum  Temperature

:

33-42'C

Relative Humidity

:

83-86%

Average Rainfall

:

1158 mm

S. W. monsoon

:

312  mm

N.E. monsoon

:

846 mm

Soil

:

Sandy Loam

PH

:

7 to 7.5

Irrigation:

 

 

Open wells

:

10

Bore wells

:

2

Objectives:

  • To evolve groundnut, sesame and castor varieties with desirable attributes viz., shorrt duration, high yield, high oil content, drought tolerance, fresh seed dormancy, resistance to major insect pests and diseases etc.,

  • To develop crop management technologies for the released varieties.

  • To identify the best crop rotation and inter crop suited for the zone.

  • To develop improved weed management practices.

  • To find out suitable micronutrients and biofertilizers for augmenting the yield.

  • To screen cultures and genotypes so as to identify resistant types.

  • To evolve integrated insect pests and diseases management practices.

  • To test the efficacy of bio-products and new chemical formulations against insect pests and diseases.

  • To produce nucleus and breeder seeds for supply to State Department of Agriculture with respect to TMV 2, 7  and 10 in groundnut, TMV 3,4,5 and 6 in sesame and TMV 1 blackgram.

  • To produce breeder seeds of TMV 5 and 6 castor for supply to State Department of Agriculture.

  • To monitor the groundnut breeder seed programme at State Oilseeds Farm, Musaravakkam.

Achievements

  • Twelve high yielding groundnut varieties TMV 1 to 12 were   released.  This includes six bunch, three semi-spreading and   three   spreading  varieties.  TMV  2  is a bunch variety with wider adaptability and is under cultivation in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat also. TMV 10 is a semi-spreading  variety with highest oil content (54%).

  • Six high yielding sesame varieties TMV 1 to 6 were released TMV 3 is a versatile variety suited for all seasons. TMV 5 is suited to cold weather season while TMV 4 and 6 are suited for summer season.

  • Six high yielding castor varieties TMV 1 to 6 and one castor hybrid TMVCH 1 were released.

  • One high yielding blackgram  variety TMV 1 was released.  It is  a short duration variety suited for districts in the North Eastern Zone.

Nucleus/Breeder seeds produced (!998 to 2003)

Crop

Nucleus seed

Breeder seed

Groundnut

19615

3300

Sesame

-

413

Castor

--

70

Blackgram

460

3150

  • Nine tyned tractor drawn seed drill developed by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University for groundnut sowing was successfully demonstrated as profitable and saves much time and labour.
  • The following Inter-cropping systems which were highly profitable were developed.  1:6 Blackgram - groundnut : 1:6 Castor - groundnut  :1:4 Cumbu - groundnut.In the case of late receipt of monsoon, blackgram + castor at 6:1 ratio is recommended.
  • Dual spraying of Glyphosate 1% (Post-emergence) 15 days prior to sowing followed by pre-emergence application of metalachlor @ 1kg ai/ha on the third day after sowing controlled weeds efficiently.
  • Groundnut seed hardening with calcium chloride 0.5 per cent induced drought tolerance and increased the yield.
  • Summer ploughing followed by glyphosate spray effectively controlled Cyperus rotundus
  • Raising castor by forming ridges 60cm apart and furrows of 30 cm width, 15 cm depth is better than flat bed method.
  • Application of dried sugarcane trash @ 5t/ha as mulch increased the yield of groundnut and castor.
  • On farm trials and front line demonstrations were conducted in castor to popularisethe varieties, hybrids and production technologies.
  • A manurial schedule of 10:10:45NPK kg/ha with 6.25 M.T. of farm yard manure has been developed for rainfed groundnut.  For irrigated groundnut, the schedule was fixed as 17:34:54 N.P.K. kg/ha.
  • Application of gypsum at 200 kg/ha as basal and 200 kg/ha as top dressing at 45th day increased the groundnut yield.
  • Application of nutrient spray containing a mixture of diammonium phosphate 2.5 kg, ammonium sulphate 1.0 kg borax 500g and planofix 400 ml per ha. at 25th and 35th day after sowing increased the groundnut.
  • Enriched farm yard manure @ 750 kg/h is recommended in the case of non availability of bulky farm yard manure.
  • Ten per cent infested leaflets was estimated to be the economic threshold level for groundnut leafminer (GLM).
  • Inter-cropping cumbu with groundnut at 1:4 ratio reduced GLM incidence.
  • The parasite Gonozius sp was found to be potential in reducing GLM incidence.
  • Grade 3 was estimated to be the critical level for the application of fungicides to groundnut diseases.
  • Spraying of carbendazim 50 WP 250 g/ha plus mancozeb 1 kg/ha was effective in reducing rust and tikka leaf spot of groundnut.
  • Conduct of monthly Zonal Meeting of Villupuram District.
  • Conduct of Farmer's Day.
  • Conduct of training to rural women on the preservation of Food & Vegetables,
  • through NATP programme.
  • The station has completed 60 years.  In order to commemorate the occasion, the diamond jubilee was celebrated on 24.11.1997, in which Honourable Miister of Agriculture, Tamil Nadu participated.


TMVCH 1 Castor


TMV 7 Groundnut



 

Future Thrust

  • Breeding for quality attributes in groundnut and sesame with particular emphasis on rainfed conditions with resistance/tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses.
  • Production of nucleus and breeder seeds of promising varieties released from the station.
  • Undertaking water technology studies for rainfed oilseed crops.
  • Developing Agri-Horti and Agri-Sylvipasturl systems suitable for the region.
  • Developing integrated pests and diseases management practices for rainfed conditions.
  • Coordinating the extension activities in collaboration with sister and allied State
  • departments viz., Department of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture and Plantation crops, Department of Seed Certification etc.,

STAFF (SCIENTISTS)

DR. V. Manoharan

Professor (Plant Breeding) and Head.

Dr. S. Pechiappan

Professor of Agronomy

Th. N. Subramanian

Asst. Professor of Plant Pathology

Th. R. Vaithiyanathan

Asst. Professor of Agronomy

Ms. R. Vishnupriya

Asst. Professor of Agri. Entomology

Dr. K.M.S. Anandan

Asst. Professor of Soil Science.

Th. V. Paramasivam

Asst. Professor of Seed Science

 

Contact Address

 

Professor and Head

Oilseeds Research Station

Tindivanam

 

 e-mail ID           : arstmv @tnau.ac.in

 

   

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