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TAMIL NADU AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
CENTRE FOR PLANT BREEDING AND GENETICS

 
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DEPARTMENT OF MILLETS

ESTABLISHMENT AND DEVELOPMENT

            The Millet Breeding Station, Coimbatore is situated in the North Western zone of Tamil Nadu. It is located at a distance of two kilometers on the northern side of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University campus. It is the oldest research station in Tamil Nadu, started in the year 1923, situated at an elevation of 411.98 m and between 11oN latitude and 77oE longitude. The total area is about 69 ha having red and black soils with 8.5 pH. The average rainfall at this centre is 730 mm per year.

            Millets from a large heterogeneous group of grains such as Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), Pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum L.), Maize (Zea mays L.) and six small millets viz., finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.), Kodo millet (Paspalum scorobiculatum L.), foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.), little millet (Panicum miliare L.), Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) and barnyard millet (Echinochloa colona).

            After the formation of the University, the research and education capabilities have been greatly strengthened and research efforts have been reorganised with a sharp focus on field problems and inter disciplinary approach.

OBJECTIVES

  • Development of sorghum variety resistant to grain mold disease suitable for kharif season.

  • Evolution of dual purpose early maturing variety/hybrid suitable for rainfed/ irrigated situation in pearl millet and sorghum.

  • Development of high yielding dent type single cross hybrid/variety suitable for rainfed/ irrigated situation in maize.

  • Development of small millets varieties suitable for hill tracts of Tamil Nadu.

  • Evolution of wheat varieties suitable for plains of Tamil Nadu.

ORGANIZATIONAL FUNCTION AND FINANCIAL PROFILE

            This department headed by the Professor and Head (Millets) is functioning under the Directorate of Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics.

RESEARCH

Schemes in operation

Sl. No.

Schemes

Budget for the  year 2003-2004

1

Millet Main

64,45,000

2

ICAR – Sorghum

22,96,000

3

ICAR – Pearlmillet

12,75,000

4

ICAR – Small millets

24,15,000

5

ICAR – Maize

10,27,000

6

NATP – Sorghum

4,62,000

7

BRNS – Sorghum

3, 55,764

8

UPS – Babycorn

1,11,000

9

Venture capital

1,00,000

Varieties released 2004

Pearl millet            CO(Cu) 9

Ragi                          CO(Ra) 14

Popular varieties / hybrids released from Department of Millets

Sorghum

CO 26, CO(S) 28, COH 4 

Pearl millet

COH(Cu) 8

Maize

COH(M) 4, CO 1

Ragi -

CO 13

Tenai

CO 6

Samai

CO 3

Panivaragu

CO 4

Kudiraivali

CO 1

Varagu

CO 3

SEMINARS / WORKSHOP / TRAININGS ORGANIZED

i. Training imparted to extension personnel/others

Title of the training

Duration

Sponsored by

To whom offered

One day training on sorghum varieties and production technologies

One day

DEE

AAOs from Dept. of Agriculture

One day training on Maize sorghum and Bajra hybrid seed production

One day

TNAU

NGOS & Private seed produces

Hybrid Seed Production in Maize

One day

Seed technology

Farmers and  seed producers

Small millets production technology

One day

Dept. of Millets

Farmers and officials from DHAN foundation

 ii. Dissemination to farmers

Technology transfer

No.programme/ trials

Improved varieties and production technologies under FLD

Sorghum    - 40

Small millet - 35

Pearl millet  -  25 demonstrations

Demonstrations on post harvest technology under NATP/OFT

Sorghum      - 19 OFT

OFT in popcorn

7

Field days to transfer production technologies

Sorghum       - 2 No

Pearl millet    - 1 No

Small Millet   - 1 No

Others

Queries replied

Sorghum         - 128

Pearl millet      - 116

Maize              - 182

Small Millet     -   42

Exhibition during farmers day

1

Exhibition during CODDISSIA

1

 EXTENSION

v     Improved varieties and production technologies under FLD

v     Demonstrations on post harvest technology under NATP/OFT

v     OFT in popcorn

v     Field days to transfer production technologies

v     Exhibition during farmers day

v     Exhibition during CODDISSIA

INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPED

 

 

Value

Source of funding

Buildings

Renovation work in sorghum laboratory

Repairing the roofs and flooring

 65,000

10,000

 

NATP Sorghum

ICAR-Pearl millet

Equipments

Ventilating seed drier

Dehuller

Mist micro irrigation system (sprinkler)

Mist Micro Irrigation system (Micro sprinkler)

Seed hardness tester

Seed storage cabinet

CIAE plot thresher with prime mover

Single earhead thresher with prime mover

 1,99,254

 57,358

1,80,034

1,66.924

 

2,11,056)

 36,851

16,000

 15,000

NATP Sorghum

NATP Sorghum

NATP Sorghum

NATP Sorghum

 

NATP Sorghum

ICAR-Pearl millet

ICAR-Pearl millet

ICAR-Pearl millet

Vehicle

Mahindra marshall 2002 jeep –

3,94,000

ICAR –Small millets

Others

Intercom facilities 

30,000

ICAR –Small millets

 

COMPUTER FACILITIES

            Two computers are available with established statistical packages for analysis of data.

LIBRARY FACILITIES

            Annual reports, research highlights of various millets research centres and books on millets improvement are being maintained.

FUTURE THRUST

  • Developing short duration dual purpose drought resistant varieties with tall stature and multiple resistance to major pest and diseases. (Sorghum, Pearlmillet)
  • Diversification of male sterile cytoplasm and development of new male sterile lines and identification of potential restorers. (Sorghum, Pearlmillet)
  • Development of varieties with QPM and other grain qualities suitable for agro -processing and value addition.
  • Development of single cross hybrids with downy mildew resistance and dent type yellow bold grain suitable for poultry.
  • Evolving wheat varieties suitable for plains of Tamil Nadu
  • Development of drought tolerant small millets varieties to replace existing varieties for the dry and hilly tracts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Tagging of genes responsible for quality characters through development of RILs mapping population

Contact Us

Director

Center for Plant Breeding and Genetics

TNAU, Coimbatore – 641 003, Tamil Nadu, India.

Phone  : 091-0422-5511200

E-mail  : millets @tnau.ac.in

 

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