To cater the needs of the farmers of Erode district, the Agricultural Research Station was started by the Department of Agriculture at Satyamangalam in August 1951 with an area of 20 hectares. Later it was shifted to Bhavanisagar in 185.28 hectares and started functioning from 1st March 1955. The station is positioned at the origin of LBP (Lower Bhavani Project) reservoir. It is a lead centre for western zone which lies in 11° 29'' N latitude and longitude of 77° 80' E at 256 m above MSL. Cultivable area of this station is 154.94 hectares. This is a major multicrop station in the State engaged in research, diploma education, extension and seed production activities of various agricultural and horticultural crops.
- Breeding and evaluation of new crop varieties and hybrids in rice, sorghum, pulses, cotton, vegetables, sugarcane and turmeric for Western Zone of Tamil Nadu.
- Development of agro-technologies for agricultural and horticultural crops and cropping systems.
- Water and fertilizer management research on agricultural and horticultural crops through drip irrigation, fertigation and operational research programmes.
- Pest and disease surveillance and recommendations on various crops.
- Production of breeder, foundation and TNAU labelled seeds in crops and grafts/ seedlings of fruit crops.
- Evolving technologies for rainfed crops.
- Reseach on the utilization of farm implements.
- Dissemination of the technologies by conducting farmers' day, field days, training programmes and through mass media.
- Agricultural education by offering Diploma in Agriculture programme through M.S. Swaminathan Institute of Agriculture (MSSIA) at this station.
The climate is mainly semi arid tropic. The mean annual rainfall is 717 mm. The mean maximum temperature is 33.9° C and that of the minimum temperature is 21.6° C. The average wind velocity is 3.2 KMPH. Sunshine hours range from 3.7 to 7 per day with an average evaporation of 4.3 mm per day. The soils of this station can be considered to represent the major soil types which are found in the Lower Bhavani Project ayacut area. Soils belonging to Irugur series, Sathyamangalam series, Chikkarampalayam series and Kodivery series are distributed in five blocks of this research station.