Research, seed production, education and extension activities are being carried out in five blocks of this station in which different soil types encountered in the Erode district are available.
This is the main block holding the premises of office and administrative building, library, meteorology observatory, seed processing unit, data processing centre, training centre and hostel and laboratory complex and research fields. It covers an area of 37.09 ha. The soil type is predominantly medium to deep reddish brown belonging to the Irugur or Chikkarasampalayam series. Research on agronomy and water management in various crops and seed production of oilseeds, millets, rice and turmeric are concentrated in this block.
A diploma programme in agriculture is also functioning in the name of M.S.Swaminathan Institute of Agriculture (MSSIA) in this block for a student’s strength of 100 numbers in two year programme since 2006.
The soils of Bhagaduthurai block belongs to Sathyamangalam series and Kodivery series. The soil is generally shallow to moderately deep. The fields adjacent to river are of alluvial formation. With an area of 15.23 ha available in this block, research on crop improvement in rice, sorghum, maize, sunflower and groundnut and evaluation of pipe line entries besides seed production of turmeric are being carried out.
This block covers an area of 46.96 ha with soil type representing Sathyamangalam and Kodivery series. Soil is reddish brown to yellowish brown loam and clay loam having near neutral reaction. Research on rice foundation and TNAU labeled seed production of early and medium duration rice varieties and turmeric are the major activities, besides mechanized sugarcane cultivation.
Pungar block possesses reddish brown soil representing Irugur-Sathyamangalam and Kodiveri series in an area of 43.77 ha. The soil is alkaline in nature. Intensive production of breeder and TNAU labeled seeds of rice, pulses and vegetable crops are taken up in this block.
This block covers an extent of 42.23 ha and it mainly consists of soils of Irugur series, which are shallow, non-calcareous, reddish brown to yellowish brown and gravelly with near neutral status. Varietal collection and research activities on various horticultural crops, large scale clonal propagation of fruit kinds and nursery activities on ornamental crops are vigorously pursued. Implementation of NHM model nursery for producing true to type seedlings of fruit crops and turmeric varieties viz., BSR 1 and BSR 2 production carried out to benefit the farmers under NHM.